Al Habib Hasan Baharun lahir di Sumenep pada tanggal 11 Juni 1934 dan merupakan putra pertama dari empat bersaudara dari Al Habib Ahmad bin Husein dengan Fathmah binti Ahmad Bakhabazy.
Pada tahun 1966 beliau merantau ke Pontianak berdakwah keluar masuk dari satu desa ke desa yang lainnya dan melewati hutan belantara yang penuh lumpur dan rawa-rawa namun dengan penuh kesabaran dan ketabahan semua itu tidak dianggapnya sebagai rintangan.
Nama Imam Al-Bukhari tidak asing lagi bagi kita, sejak kita mengenal urusan pasti nama ulama yang satu ini sudah sering terdengar, baik itu dari mulut orang tua maupun dari guru-guru SD ketika kita diajarkan hadits. Ya, Imam Al-Bukhari memang bukan ulama sembarangan, dialah rajanya Hadist Shahih. Bagaimana biografi dari Ulama yang sangat war'a ini ?
NamanyaMuhammad bin Idris bin Al-Abbas bin Utsman binSyafi’i bin Ubaid bin Abdu Yazid bin Hasyim bin Al-Muttalib (ayah Abdul Muttalib kakek RasulullahShallallahu ‘alaihi wa Salam) bin Abdi Manaf. Beliaubertemu nasabnya dengan Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihiwa Salam pada Abdi Manaf.Beliau bergelar Nashirul hadits (pembela hadits), karenakegigihannya dalam membela hadits dan komitmennyauntuk mengikuti sunnah Nabi Shallallahu ‘alaihi waSalam. KelahiranImam Al-Baihaqi menyebutkan,”Imam Asy-Syafi’idilahirkan di kota Ghazzah, kemudian dibawa keAsqalan, lalu dibawa ke Mekkah.2Ibnu Hajar menambahkan,” Imam Asy-Syafi’idilahirkan di sebuah tempat bernama Ghazzah di kotaAsqalan. Ketika berusia dua tahun ibunya membawanyake Hijaz dan hidup bersama orang-orang keturunanYaman karena ibunya dari suku Azdiyah. Diusia 10 tahun,beliau dibawa ke Mekkah karena khawatir nasabnya yangmulia akan lenyap”.
Bioghraphy of Imam al Habib Abd`Allah bin `Alawi al Haddad (rA)
He is al-Imam al-Habib `Abdullah bin `Alawi bin Muhammad bin Ahmad bin `Abdullah bin Muhammad bin `Alawi bin Ahmad bin Abu Bakr bin Ahmad bin Muhammad bin `Abdullah bin Ahmad bin `Abd al-Rahman bin `Alawi `Amm al-Faqih (uncle of al-Faqih al-Muqaddam), bin Muhammad Sahib Mirbat, bin `Ali Khali` Qasam, bin `Alawi, bin Muhammad Sahib al-Sawma`ah, bin `Alawi, bin `Ubaydullah, bin al-Imam al-Muhajir il-Allah Ahmad, bin `Isa, bin Muhammad al- Naqib, bin `Ali al-Uraydi, bin Ja`far al-Sadiq, bin Muhammad al-Baqir, bin `Ali Zayn al-Abidin, bin Husayn al-Sibt, bin `Ali bin Abu Talib and FaRmah al-Zahra`, the daughter of our Master Muhammad, the Seal of the Prophets (may Allah bless him and grant him peace).
The name “al-Haddad” goes back to one of the ancestors of Habib `Abdullah, Sayyid Ahmad bin Abu Bakr, who used to spend time with an ironsmith (haddad in Arabic) in his shop in Tarim and thus became known by that name to distinguish him from another Sayyid, whose name was also Ahmad. “Habib” came to be the title of the `Alawi sayyids from the 11th Century onwards.
Imam al-Haddad was born in Subayr near the city of Tarim in 1044 Hijri (1634 CE). He went blind at the age of four but Allah blessed him with the light of inner sight. His father directed him to the pursuit of knowledge and he memorized the Qur`an and the foundational texts of the Islamic sciences at an early age. Among his teachers were Habib `Abdullah bin Ahmad Balfaqih, Habib `Umar ibn `Abd al-Rahman al-ASas and Habib Muhammad bin `Alawi al-Saqqaf who lived in Mecca and with whom he corresponded by letter. He continued in his studies until he reached the rank of mujtahid.
His love of knowledge was accompanied with a love of worship. In his childhood, when his morning lessons had finished, he would perform up to 200 rakats of prayer in Masjid Ba Alawi or other mosques. His day was structured around acts of worship, which began long before dawn and ended late at night, interspersed with lessons and time with his family. He compiled a number of litanies, the most famous being the Ratib and al-Wird al-Latif, which provide spiritual sustenance for the seeker. He had a great attachment to Sura Ya Sin, which he read constantly and in which he was given a special opening. The supplication which he would make after it continues to be read widely, as do many of his litanies.
After being given the order by his grandfather, the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), the Imam began calling to Allah at every level, such that he became known as the `Pole of Da`wah and Guidance.` He had a small number of close disciples whom he trained in the spiritual path. He said of his technique: “We may train one of our students for a whole year in attaining one attribute.” He called the scholars to act according to their knowledge and to become callers themselves. He called the rulers and the common people alike. He established a mawlid in the month of Rajab and would feed all those who attended, saying: “If they do not benefit from our speech then we will place our blessings in the food.”
He authored a number of books which continue to benefit people, generation after generation. His works are clear and concise and thus suitable for our times and several have been translated into English and other languages. He would dictate large sections of his books to his students without any preparation. The Imam`s longest work, al-Nasa`ih al-Diniyyah, contains the essence of Imam al-Ghazali`s Ihya` `Ulum al-Din. In al-Da`wa al-Tammah (The Complete Call) he classifies society into eight categories and outlines each category`s rights and duties. Risalat al-Mu`awanah (The Book of Assistance), which he authored at the age of 26, is every Muslim`s manual of the path to Allah. Other works include The Lives of Man, Knowledge and Wisdom and Good Manners, all excellently translated by Dr Mostafa al-Badawi.